ISRO: What is ISRO? Full form, Established year and Who is the Chairman of ISRO in 2023 ?


Space, the final frontier, has always captured the imagination of humanity. Among the pioneers in unlocking the mysteries of the cosmos stands the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), an agency that has transformed the dreams of exploring space into a tangible reality. From launching satellites for communication and Earth observation to embarking on interplanetary missions, ISRO has showcased India’s technological prowess and scientific innovation on the global stage.

What is the full form of ISRO?

The full form of ISRO is the “Indian Space Research Organisation.”

ISRO established in which year?

ISRO, the Indian Space Research Organisation, was established on August 15, 1969.


Who is the chairman of ISRO?

Sreedhara Panicker Somanath, better known as S. Somanath, is an Indian aerospace engineer serving as the chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation. Under his chairmanship, ISRO carried out the third Indian lunar exploration mission named Chandrayaan-3.

Who is the founder of ISRO?

ISRO, the Indian Space Research Organisation, was founded by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai. He is often referred to as the “father of the Indian space program” due to his instrumental role in establishing and developing ISRO. Dr. Sarabhai was a visionary scientist and played a crucial role in shaping India’s space research efforts.

Where is the headquarter of ISRO?

The headquarters of ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) is located in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

How many satellites are launched by ISRO?

India has been phenomenal and competitive in hosting space operations and other world superpowers. ISRO has successfully launched almost 166 satellites till the current day since 1975. Most of them have been successful missions.

What is ISRO?

ISRO stands for the Indian Space Research Organisation. It is the space agency of the Government of India, responsible for planning and executing space research and exploration activities. Established on August 15, 1969, ISRO’s primary objective is to advance space technology and use its applications for various national tasks, including communication, Earth observation, navigation, scientific exploration, and more.

ISRO has achieved several significant milestones, including launching satellites for communication, remote sensing, navigation, and scientific research. It gained international recognition for its successful missions, such as the Chandrayaan and Mangalyaan missions to the Moon and Mars, respectively. These accomplishments have showcased India’s capabilities in space technology and exploration on a global scale.

ISRO’s achievements have also been marked by its cost-effective approaches to space missions, making it known for achieving impressive results with relatively modest budgets. The organization continues to develop and launch various satellites and spacecraft for various purposes, contributing to scientific research, communication, disaster management, and national security.

How to join ISRO?

Joining ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) typically involves a combination of education, skills, and selection processes. ISRO hires a diverse range of professionals, including engineers, scientists, technicians, and administrative staff. Here are the general steps you can follow if you’re interested in joining ISRO:

  1. Education and Qualifications: ISRO primarily hires individuals with technical and scientific qualifications. A bachelor’s or master’s degree in relevant fields such as engineering, physics, chemistry, computer science, electronics, etc., is often required.
  2. Job Openings and Notifications: Keep an eye on ISRO’s official website and related job portals for job openings and recruitment notifications. ISRO announces job opportunities in various categories based on their ongoing projects and requirements.
  3. Apply for Open Positions: When you find a suitable job opening, follow the application process outlined in the job notification. This may involve submitting an online application form, uploading your resume, and providing necessary documents.
  4. Written Examinations and Interviews: Depending on the position, ISRO may conduct written examinations to assess your technical knowledge and aptitude. Shortlisted candidates from the written exams are usually called for interviews.
  5. Interview and Selection Process: The interview process may involve technical and personal interviews to assess your skills, knowledge, problem-solving abilities, and your fit for the organization. The selection process may also include a medical examination.
  6. Training: If you are selected, you will undergo training to familiarize yourself with ISRO’s projects, processes, and technologies. The training duration and content will vary based on the role you’re selected for.
  7. Contract or Permanent Employment: Depending on the position and the project’s nature, you might be offered a contract or permanent employment with ISRO.
  8. Continuous Learning and Growth: ISRO emphasizes continuous learning and skill development. Employees are encouraged to stay updated with the latest advancements in their fields.

It’s important to note that the specific requirements and processes can vary depending on the position, project, and recruitment policies of ISRO. Always refer to the official ISRO website and official notifications for accurate and up-to-date information regarding job openings, qualifications, and application procedures.

Stellar Achievements

ISRO’s journey has been punctuated by an array of remarkable achievements. One of its earliest successes was the launch of Aryabhata, India’s first satellite, in 1975. However, it was in the 21st century that ISRO truly soared. The Chandrayaan and Mangalyaan missions to the Moon and Mars, respectively, demonstrated India’s capability to reach beyond our planet.

Chandrayaan-1, launched in 2008, discovered water molecules on the lunar surface, altering our understanding of Earth’s celestial neighbor. Mangalyaan, launched in 2013, made India the first Asian nation to reach Martian orbit and one of the few to succeed on its maiden attempt.

Cost-Effective Innovation

One of ISRO’s distinguishing features is its ability to achieve remarkable feats within constrained budgets. The Mars Orbiter Mission, or Mangalyaan, captured international attention not only for its scientific achievements but also for its cost-effectiveness. The mission’s success demonstrated that groundbreaking space missions need not come with exorbitant price tags.

Satellites for a Better Tomorrow

ISRO’s contributions extend beyond interplanetary exploration. The agency has revolutionized satellite technology, launching satellites for communication, navigation (IRNSS), remote sensing (such as the RESOURCESAT series), and disaster management (INSAT series). These satellites have transformed sectors ranging from agriculture and urban planning to disaster response and environmental monitoring.

Collaborative Endeavors

ISRO’s achievements also include fruitful collaborations with other space agencies. The GSLV Mk III launch vehicle, capable of carrying heavy payloads to space, was developed in partnership with industries and research institutions. The agency’s cooperative approach has strengthened international relationships and accelerated technological progress.

Inspiring Future Generations

ISRO’s journey isn’t just about technology; it’s about inspiring generations to dream big and aim for the stars. The agency’s success stories serve as motivation for aspiring scientists, engineers, and innovators across India and beyond. Through initiatives like the Student Satellite Program, ISRO actively engages with educational institutions, nurturing the next wave of space enthusiasts.


The Indian Space Research Organisation, with its indomitable spirit of innovation, determination, and discovery, has elevated India’s standing in the global space arena. From launching satellites that connect people to advancing scientific knowledge through interplanetary exploration, ISRO’s journey is a testament to human curiosity, creativity, and capability.

As ISRO continues to forge ahead, its legacy becomes a beacon of hope for a world united by the thirst for knowledge and the desire to explore the limitless expanse of the universe.

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